Learning motivation and perfectionism in English language learning: An analysis of Taiwanese university students

2016 IJRSP – Volume 5 Issue 3


Chen, Kate Tzu-Ching*
Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan (katechen@cyut.edu.tw)

Kuo, Julia Ya-Chu
Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan (blue_julia530@hotmail.com)

Kao, Po-Chi
Chang Gung University, Taiwan (mk@mail.cgu.edu.tw)


This study aimed to identify the interrelations among background characteristic, measures of learning motivation and the dimension of perfectionism among Taiwanese English as foreign Language (EFL) university students. The instruments were a Likert-scale survey questionnaire which consisted of (1) the Work Preference Inventory (Students Version) created by Amabile, Hill, Hennessey, and Tighe (1994); and (2) the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale designed by Hewitt and Flett (1991). The results indicated that most students were intrinsically-motivated and were self-oriented perfectionists. It was found that both intrinsic and extrinsic motivations were significantly and positively associated with self-oriented perfectionism for EFL learning. The results also indicated that perfectionism differs significantly among the participated students in terms of age and majors. Students who aged 18 showed higher positive levels for perfectionism than students aged 20 and students from management majors had significantly higher perfectionism tendencies.

Keywords: English as a foreign language (EFL); extrinsic motivation; intrinsic motivation; university students; self-oriented perfectionism; socially-prescribed perfectionism; other-oriented perfectionism


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrsp.2016.1479

*Corresponding Author