The Filipino character strength of utang na loob: Exploring contextual associations with gratitude

2016 IJRSP – Volume 5 Issue 1


Rungduin, Teresita*
College of Graduate Studies and Teacher Education Research, Philippine Normal University, Philippines (

Rungduin, Darwin C.
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Philippines (

Aninacion, Joshua G.
Philippine Normal University, Philippines (

Catindig, Renato B. Jr.
Philippine Normal University, Philippines (

Gallogo, Lemuel S.
Philippine Normal University, Philippines (


The goal of this study was to examine these two values (utang na loob and gratitude) in terms of how they are understood by Filipinos and how they are manifested in the hope of delineating meanings and establishing links between the two construct. Using qualitative responses of Filipino respondents regarding their conception of utang na loob and gratitude, the following descriptions were identified: pagkilala (acknowledgement), pagtutumbas (reciprocity), and panlipunang gampanin (social responsibility) as conceptual meanings for utang na loob; and pasasalamat (thankfulness) and pagtutumbas (reciprocity) for gratitude. Reciprocity being found to be shared by two concepts was also analyzed and contextualized.

Keywords: utang na loob (debt of gratitude); gratitude; acknowledgment; reciprocity



*Corresponding Author