Taking/receiving and giving (TRG): A comparison of two quantitative pilot studies on students’ entrepreneurial motivation in Indonesia

2015 IJRSM – Volume 4 Issue 1


Purwana, Dedi
Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia (deagina@yahoo.com)

Suhud, Usep*
Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia (usepsuhud@feunj.ac.id)

Arafat, Yasser M.
Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia (yasser@feunj.ac.id)


The objective of this study is to understand university students’ entrepreneurial motivation between two groups with different backgrounds. The authors examines whether taking/receiving and giving (TRG) motivation is applicable. A qualitative study was conducted to explore ideas relating entrepreneurial motivation and the results were adapted into quantitative indicators. To validate the quantitative instrument, the authors chose two different groups: the first group consists of students with entrepreneurial education and the second group consists of students without an entrepreneurial education. For the qualitative study, data were collected using projective technique and analyzed using content analysis. For the quantitative studies, data were collected through online surveys and analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory (structural equation model) analyses. As a result, TRG motivation works on samples with an entrepreneurial education whereas intrinsic and extrinsic motivation works for samples without an entrepreneurial education.

Keywords: entrepreneurial motivation; projective technique; exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses; structural equation model; Indonesia


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrsm.2015.1004

*Corresponding Author