The effect of songs on vocabulary retention of preschool young English language learners

2017 IJRSLL – Volume 6 Issue 3


Madani, Davood*
English Department, Islamic Azad University, Khomein Branch, Khomein, Iran (

Mahmoodi Nasrabadi, Mahboobeh
English Department, Islamic Azad University, Khomein Branch, Khomein, Iran (


The present study was an attempt to investigate the effectiveness of teaching English vocabulary through song to preschool young English Language Learners in Aligoodarz, Iran. The participants of the study consisted of 103 preschool young learners, who were divided into two groups of experimental group and control group. The experimental groups were consisted of 62 young learners and the control groups were consisted of 51 young learners at the age of six. The experimental groups were instructed using song and the control groups were instructed using non-song methods. Twenty sessions were spent working on teaching vocabulary for each group. Before starting the treatment, an interview was done as a pretest by the teacher to confirm that learners did not have any prior knowledge of English. After finishing the treatment, the post-test was administered by the teacher to measure the amount of learning vocabulary items in each group. The data then was analyzed using the SPSS. The findings revealed that the experimental group improved significantly in terms of vocabulary retention compared to control group.

Keywords: song; vocabulary retention; English language learners



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