The home environment as a predictor of mathematics achievement in Ghana

2018 IJRSE – Volume 7 Issue 1


Butakor, Paul Kwame*
University of Ghana, Ghana (

Nyarko, Kingsley
University of Ghana, Ghana (


This paper examined the significant role of the learner’s home environment in Ghanaian grade 8 students’ performance in mathematics in the 2007 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Applying multiple linear regression analyses on the TIMSS 2007 data from Ghana revealed a positive association between father’s educational level, watching of TV or videos regularly at home, reading books for enjoyment at home regularly, and doing homework regularly at home and mathematics achievement. On the contrary, a negative relationship was found between mathematics achievement and the number of books at home, home possessions, and the playing of computer games at home regularly. The paper concluded with the recommendation that the learner’s home background should be considered when designing policies and interventions aimed at improving students’ mathematics performance.

Keywords: Ghana; home environment; mathematics achievement; socio-economic status; TIMSS 2007



*Corresponding Author