International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology
CollabWritive Special Issue
2023 Volume 9 Issue 1
Available Online: 31 December 2023
Graduate School, Lyceum of the Philippines University-Batangas, Philippines
Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, China (email@example.com)
Landicho, Lida C.
Graduate School, Lyceum of the Philippines University-Batangas, Philippines (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The COVID-19 pandemic placed an immense burden on the healthcare system, and clinical nurses, as well-trained essential participants, made significant contributions to providing healthcare while also facing tremendous pressure. The mental health issues of nurses became increasingly prominent, and nurse burnout emerged as a growing concern. This study employed a quantitative descriptive research design to conduct a psychological health assessment from three aspects: nurses’ work stress, psychological capital, and professional burnout. A total of 743 clinical nurses from large tertiary hospitals participated in the study, and standardized questionnaires were used for data collection and analysis. Frequency counts, percentages, means, and standard deviations were used to determine the demographic characteristics of clinical nurses in terms of age, sex, marital status, years of service, professional title, and department. Independent sample t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to explore the impact of sociodemographic variables on psychological capital, work stress, and burnout. Correlation analysis was used to determine if there were significant relationships between psychological capital, work stress, and burnout. The demographic data revealed that the majority of nurses participating in the study were female, with 87% being under the age of 40. Most were married and held primary or intermediate professional titles. Most nurses had a moderate level of psychological capital, high levels of work stress, and a moderate level of burnout. Differences in psychological capital were observed in terms of age, marital status, years of service, professional title, and department. Work stress only showed differences in the department variable, while burnout exhibited differences in age, years of service, professional title, and department variables. Nurse psychological capital was negatively correlated with nurse work stress, negatively correlated with nurse burnout, and nurse work stress was positively correlated with nurse burnout. Nurse psychological capital and work stress were able to explain the variance in burnout and played an important role in the formation of nurse burnout. The study also proposed a series of psychological health intervention plans to enhance the development of nurses’ psychological capital, reduce work stress, and minimize the occurrence of nursing burnout.
Keywords: psychological capital, work stress, burnout, nurses
Cite this article:
Song, G., & Landicho, L. C. (2023). Psychological capital, work stress and burnout among Chinese clinical nurses. International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, 9(1), 35-69. https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrsp.2023.2004
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