The context of ‘basa basi’ in Aceh reality: Study of indigenous psychology

2019 IJRSP – Volume 8 Issue 1


Amin, Safuwan*
Malikussaleh University, Lhokseumawe, Aceh, Indonesia (


This study aims to understand the phenomenon of ‘basa basi’ messages in the reality of communication in Aceh with indigenous psychology analysis, by taking a reality sample of the citizens of Lhokseumawe City. ‘Basa basi’ in Indonesian reality is observed to be quite phenomenal in every conversation all contexts of togetherness. ‘Basa basi’ from the side of Indonesian language studies are considered to be friendly, be polite. The focus of this study is on the process of the occurrence of ‘basa basi’ in the reality of conversation, the individual’s understanding of ’basa basi, and the psychological meaning of the application of ‘basa basi’ in the reality that surrounds the individual. The results of this study provide information that the process of the appearance of ‘basa basi’ is motivated by the beliefs and cultural customs that exist in Aceh since the past and are still valid today. Besides that, understand of ‘basa basi’ messages as a manner of conversation in order to create a friendly and friendly atmosphere of interaction, so that psychologically there is meaning by the communicator, such as silence and dull atmosphere, refreshment of mind conditions from daily routines, and many others.

Keywords: basa-basi; social interaction; communication; indigenous psychology; aceh reality



*Corresponding Author