The writing makers of college students: A discourse analysis

2023 IJRSE – Volume 12 Issue 1

Available Online:  8 November 2022


Lu, Hayden*
University of Mindanao, Philippines (

Dahunog, Iel Lykha
University of Mindanao, Philippines (

Morales, Jenny Rose
University of Mindanao, Philippines (

Ranain, Norhynie
University of Mindanao, Philippines (


The primary aim of the study was to analyze discourse markers used in the twenty essays of first-year GE 2 students at the University of Mindanao Tagum College by adopting Functional Classes of Discourse Markers, Misuse Patterns of Discourse Markers Theory, and Rhetorical Structure Theory. The result showed that the most widely used discourse markers were “and” (44 %), followed by “because” (15%), “but” (8%), “so” (7%), “or” (7%), “when” (6%), “for example” (5%), “then” (2%), “also” (2%), “thus”, “lastly,” “therefore,” and “as a result” (1%). The findings also revealed that students employed elaborative markers to link phrases to add information, inferential markers specify reasons, contrastive markers introduce opposing statement, and temporal markers indicated events happening at the same time. In addition, students misused some discourse markers in their writing. The study also concluded that students’ ability in using discourse markers has to be developed to write the flow of their thoughts in a meaningful and precise manner for readers.

Keywords: discourse markers, written discourse, discourse analysis, discourse, Philippines



Cite this article:
Lu, H., Dahunog, I. L., Morales, J. R., & Ranain, N. (2023). The writing makers of college students: A discourse analysis. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 12(1), 15-19.

*Corresponding Author