Politeness indicators of President Duterte’s speeches: A content analysis

2022 IJRSE – Volume 11 Issue 7
Special Issue on Monographs and Dissertations

Available Online:  8 November 2022


Gomez, Dan*
University of Mindanao, Philippines (dangomez031986@gmail.com)

Manuel, Rewyn
Department of Education, Davao De Oro, Philippines (rewynmanuel@gmail.com)


Language can make or break a person. Oftentimes, a person is judged by the way he/she expresses his/her stand. This study determined the politeness strategies employed by President Duterte on his speeches and the interpretation of the audience on his politeness based on these speeches. This study used a qualitative approach specifically utilizing content analysis. It catered seven informants in the in-depth interview and seven informants in the focus group discussion. Results revealed that the President has employed all the politeness strategies on his speeches, namely: bald-on record, negative politeness, positive politeness and off-record or the indirect strategy. Findings also revealed that the interpretation of the audience on the politeness of President Duterte based on his speeches were the President give excitement to the listeners, catch the audience participation and the audience suggest appropriate reaction on the President’s sensitive speeches. It is recommended that there will be more exploration on the politeness strategies of the President in different platforms wherein the audience interacts with the President.

Keywords: teaching English, politeness strategies, content analysis, Philippines


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2022.366

Cite this article:
Gomez, D., & Manuel, R. (2022). Politeness indicators of President Duterte’s speeches: A content analysis. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 11(7), 261-306. https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2022.366

* Corresponding Author