Mga Sugilanon: A literary analysis on Ilonggo tales

2022 IJRSE – Volume 11 Issue 3

Available Online:  18 March 2022


Nabas, Lenie H.*
Department of Education, Davao de Oro Division, Philippines (

Asidoy, Lucena O.
College Professor, University of Mindanao – Tagum College, Philippines


The main purpose of the study was to analyze the literary features of Ilonggo tales, how life experiences, culture and beliefs contributed to the development of Ilonggo tales, and the insights of Ilonggos on the importance of developing Ilonggo Tales in Philippine Literature. This is a qualitative-phenomenological study that focused on the Ilonggo tales. The stories were analyzed based on the six basic literary features of a tale: setting, characters, plot, conflict, point of view, and themes. As a result from the stories, the setting portrays simple life and mythical events; the characters portray hardships and struggles in life; the plot uses linear, flashback, and in media res; the conflict portrays struggles against society; the point of view is first person and third person; and the theme portrays poverty and inequality. Under the influence of life experiences, culture and beliefs, eight themes were created. For life experiences: Ilonggo’s migration, inequality between the rich and the poor, struggles of the laborers, lack of proper education, and appreciation of life’s simplicity in the past; and for culture and beliefs: beliefs in mythical creatures, witchcraft and sorcery, and amulets. For the insights of the Ilonggo, four themes were also created, and these are: incorporating Ilonggo tales into the school curriculum; teaching values and culture through Ilonggo tales; encouraging children to read and appreciate Ilonggo tales; and revealing the history of people through Ilonggo tales.

Keywords: mga Sugilanon, literary analysis, Ilonggo Tales



Cite this article:
Nabas, L. H., & Asidoy, L. O. (2022). Mga Sugilanon: A literary analysis on Ilonggo tales. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 11(3), 373-404.

*Corresponding Author