The developed mediated alternative material in English 9

2021 IJRSE – Volume 10 Issue 14

Available Online:  26 September 2021


Apostol, Lorna*
Laguna College of Business and Arts, Philippines
Pulo National High School, Philippines (


This study aimed to develop and validate a researcher-made mediated alternative material in English 9 based on the Most Essential Learning Competencies (MELCs) for the first quarter of the school year 2020-2021. This was evaluated and validated by the English 9 teachers, Head teachers, and Master teachers at the selected High Schools in the City Schools Division of Cabuyao. Both descriptive-experimental methods of research were utilized to describe and evaluate the level of validity and acceptability of the material. And to determine its effectiveness, pre and post-tests were administered to Control and Experimental groups of grade 9 learner-respondents. The researcher utilized a standardized questionnaire as an instrument of the study and as statistical treatment, four-point Likert scale, simple mean, t-test, and ANOVA were used. The results revealed a “Highly Valid” (HV) on the material’s level of validity in terms of objectives, directions, practical exercises, and topics. Likewise, “Very Acceptable” (VA) on the level of acceptability in terms of clarity, usefulness, presentation, and suitability. There was no significant difference among the assessments of the expert-respondents both in terms of acceptability and validity of the developed material. With regard to the material’s effectiveness, there was a significant difference between the control and experimental groups’ mean scores on the post-test. This implied that the experimental group attained better performance than the control group. The developed material contributed to the improvement of the academic performance of learners. Thus, considered effective and acceptable for use as an intervention material to help master the learning competencies.

Keywords: English 9, development, validation, mediated alternative material, most essential learning competencies



Cite this article:
Apostol, L. (2021). The developed mediated alternative material in English 9. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 10(14), 71-86.

*Corresponding Author