World class university publication pressure across different systems

2021 IJRSE – Volume 10 Issue 10

Available Online:  23 July 2021


Post, David
Pennsylvania State University, United States (

Chou, Chuing Prudence*
National ChengChi University, Taiwan (

Ishikawa, Mayumi
Osaka University, Japan (

Li, Jun
Western University, Canada (

Soudien, Crain
University of Cape Town, South Africa (

Welch, Anthony
The University of Sydney, Australia (


This synthesis of a multi-year cross-national collaboration first reviews the changes facing educational researchers due to pressures to create “world class” universities. The paper then reports key findings from a comparative case study of publication patterns in South Africa, Australia, Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, and the United States (US) during the three-time slots of 1993, 2003, and 2013. The authors adopted a common research design, by selecting two departments at one public university from each system. It was found that except for the US, most faculty members in other systems were forced to change not only their publication into English but also their research topics in order to capture the interest of an international readership. In cases where English is not the predominant language of use, these trends negatively impacted scholarship in the predominant local language(s) of use. The paper concludes that the costs of using comparable measures of quality to compare “world class” universities are not borne equally across, or within, higher education systems.

Keywords: comparative education, higher education system, publications, SSCI, world-class universities



Cite this article:
Post, D., Chou, C. P., Ishikawa, M., Li, J., Soudien, C., & Welch, A. (2021). World class university publication pressure across different systems. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 10(10), 71-86.

*Corresponding Author