Challenges in maintaining a heritage language

Author/s:

Catama, Bryan V.*
School of Teacher Education and Liberal Arts, Faculty of Professional Education Department, Saint Louis University, Baguio City, Philippines (chapsbryan12@gmail.com)

Wacdagan, Brisel D.
School of Teacher Education and Liberal Arts, Saint Louis University, Baguio City, Philippines (wacqui_brisel@gmail.com)

Tigbao, Jessel T.
School of Teacher Education and Liberal Arts, Saint Louis University, Baguio City, Philippines (tigbaojessel@gmail.com)

Ventura, Grace B.
School of Teacher Education and Liberal Arts, Saint Louis University, Baguio City, Philippines (ventura_grace@rocketmail.com)

Viernes, Merge Q.
School of Teacher Education and Liberal Arts, Saint Louis University, Baguio City, Philippines (mergeviernes27@gmail.com)

Abstract:

Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) is a home of the Igorots in the Northern Philippines. It is a place of cultural diversity. Such cultural diversity is the unique heritage languages spoken in the area. Accordingly, most of these heritage languages are facing some challenges. Thus, a qualitative phenomenological study was designed to explore the challenges in maintaining heritage language of 32 Cordilleran college students of Saint Louis University of the School of Teacher Education, Baguio City, Philippines. Purposive sampling was conducted prior to an interview proper. The respondents of this study were chosen according to the following criteria. The respondents must be born and raised in any of the provinces of CAR with both native parents from the Cordillera and whose first language is any of the following heritage languages: Kankanaey, Ibaloi, Itneg (Tinguian), Ifugao, Bontoc, Kalinga, Isneg, Iwak, Kalanguya, Ga’dang, Isnag, Applai, Bago, I-lagod, Balangao, Ikallahan, Karaw, Ilongot, Ibanag, Isinal, Itawis. An interview was carried out as a gathering tool to gather information coming from the respondents. Findings revealed that migration effect, code switching and linguistic discrimination are the challenges in maintaining heritage language of Cordilleran college students.

Keywords: heritage language; migration effect; code switching; linguistic discrimination

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrsll.2017.1668

*Corresponding Author