Environmental education model for the resistance reef and social-ecological system in Thousand Islands, Jakarta

Author/s:

Samadi*
Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia (adinote@gmail.com)

Nadiroh
Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia (nadirohdr@yahoo.com)

Basleman, Annisah
Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia (anisahbasleman@yahoo.com)

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to determine the environmental education model that fit the needs of the implementation of environmental education in the context of environmental sustainability and social and ecological systems of coral reefs in Kepulauan Seribu DKI Jakarta, and to develop learning tools that are relevant. The experiment was conducted in Pari Island, District of Kepulauan Seribu Selatan, Administrative District of Kepulauan Seribu, Jakarta Province. The study was conducted over 16 months, since the month of March to July in 2012, and continued in the month of February-December 2013.This study used a qualitative approach through the development of research methods. Characteristics of the study objectives include students’ knowledge of environmental issues, strategies student action in the form of understanding and positive attitudes towards the environment. Samples were students in Grades IV Elementary School of Satu Atap in Pari Island, through purposive sampling technique. Based on the expert assessment, syllabus and teaching materials in this research is considered feasible. Validity of the research instruments is valid. Reliability of the instrument is based Cronsbach’s Alpha of 0.05 produces highly reliable data (instrument reliability of 0.951).The results showed that the condition of coral reefs is still relatively good. However, the presence of a growing population and increasing tourists feared further lead to damage and environmental pollution around the coast, especially the low education and environmental awareness of local residents. In the trials of teaching materials to small groups of students obtained the result that the readiness to accept an otherwise good lesson, but when students answer questions related to the subject matter teachers and the student activity was relatively still asking less. In trials to large groups, excellent student readiness, ability students are able to also excellent. This increase is compared to previous trials. Early material in the development process of teaching materials belonging to the same application with schools, do not have the characteristics of marine and coral reefs, so the student assessment process is only done with formative and summative tests. Later in the development process of teaching materials, in this research, in order to prioritize meaningful learning, which begins from the knowledge of the learners as well as guidance in developing and building a structure of ideas based on knowledge of students, thus encouraging students’ ability to interact socially as well as damage to not produce negative effects on the environment.

Keywords: environmental education; social-ecological; coral reefs; curriculum design

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2015.917

*Corresponding Author