Faculty of Education, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon (email@example.com)
This study attempted to investigate any relationship existing between the leadership styles exhibited by Lebanese public school principals and their multiple intelligences profile. MLQ (5X) was employed to collect data relating to leadership styles of 307 school principals, and McKenzie (1999) was used to profile their multiple intelligences (MI). SPSS 18.0 was used to support data analysis. Results indicated that transformational leadership style was the dominant self-reported style exhibited by school principals. Visual-spatial intelligence was conveyed to be the intelligence enjoyed by the majority of school principals; followed equally by logical-mathematical and existential intelligences; then also equally by interpersonal and verbal-linguistic intelligences; followed by musical, intrapersonal, kinesthetic, and naturalist intelligences. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated for the composite scores of MLQ and each individual MI. Strong positive correlations were detected between MI and existential, verbal and interpersonal intelligences. Linear Multiple Regression Analysis denoted that 47.5% of the total variance of transformational leadership was predicted by the interaction of the three MI (Existential, verbal, and Interpersonal), with existential intelligence being the strongest predictor of transformational leadership. Implications and suggestions for future research are provided.
Keywords: leadership styles; multiple intelligences; transformational leadership; transactional leadership; leadership development