Effects of climate change: Struggles of small-scale farmers

2022 IJRSE – Volume 11 Issue 3

Available Online:  18 March 2022


Caminero, Vincent Jun Loren*
Local Government Unit of Banaybanay, Davao Oriental, Philippines
(vince.caminero0610@gmail.com; vinsoy10@gmail.com)

Mabida, Gracelyn M.
Local Government Unit of Tagum City, Davao del Norte, Philippines (granehgran@gmail.com)


The main objective of this study is to document the lived experiences of small-scale farmers amidst climate change. It is a qualitative study utilizing a phenomenological approach where 18 farmers of the Municipality of Banaybanay as the research participants using focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. The research question on the experiences and challenges which yielded five major themes to include uncertainties of weather, man-made unsustainable actions, and activities, financial challenges, financially unstable and unable to continue rice production, and poor and difficult economic & living conditions. Meanwhile, in terms of coping mechanisms and mitigation measures of the farmers, five essential themes emerged namely: crop-livestock diversification, water impound, crop management, strategizing farming techniques, and individualized/personalized interventions. Finally, awareness of environmental concerns and causes, initiative and innovations in crop management, consideration of alternative ways in farming, empowerment of farmers, and role of government’s intervention to local farmers were the five essential themes that emerged on the insights of the farmers.

Keywords: climate change, small-scale farmers, experiences, challenges, struggles, Banaybanay, Philippines


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2022.184

Cite this article:
Caminero, V. J. L., & Mabida, G. M. (2022). Effects of climate change: Struggles of small-scale farmers. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 11(3), 327-372. https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2022.184

*Corresponding Author