Available Online: 13 July 2021
Emilio Aguinaldo College, Philippines (email@example.com)
Reading comprehension and higher order thinking skills or HOTS usually go with the other. It is important to note that in a study conducted by Singh et al. (2018), it showed teachers struggled to differentiate between lower and higher order thinking skills. It was also reported that teachers find it difficult to introduce higher order thinking skills and were unsure how to employ the best teaching and learning strategies as per the study of Abdul Halim and Siti Muhibah (2015). This study aimed to measure the effectiveness of the Higher Order Thinking Skills activities implemented and analyzed the data gathered from the Phil-IRI test results for the Grade 5 learners of Kaila Elementary School, Division of Antipolo City. The mixed-method research design was used where the researcher has purposively chosen the Control and Experimental Group from the Grade 5 classes. Each group composed of at least 39 members, Grade 5 Mahogany and Tipulo. The age and sex; the reading performance specifically on comprehension based on their Phil-IRI assessment and academic performance of the Grade 5 pupils in the two language subjects- English and Filipino were gathered. Based on the findings, majority of the respondents are in the frustration level during the pretest. On the post test, it is evident that there is an improvement on the level of comprehension for both groups. Traditional strategy can be seen effective however remediation program further helps in improving the performance of students as there are more independent readers in the experimental group based on the post test results. As to the academic performance of the pupils, performance during the second grading period has improved as majority of the respondents in the experimental group gained an outstanding grade from mostly satisfactory grade during the first grading period. The results showed that The HOTS activities given can be regarded as effective measure to improve reading comprehension skills and consequently the academic performance of the pupils. However, teachers have to be trained in order to use these strategies effectively.
Keywords: reading level, reading comprehension, HOTS, academic performance, thinking skills
Cite this article:
Binoya, J. (2021). Effectiveness of higher order thinking skills activities to the reading comprehension level and academic performance of grade 5 pupils at Kaila Elementary School. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 10(9), 35-43. https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2021.659