Available Online: 6 July 2020
Tribhuvan University, Nepal (Peshal.firstname.lastname@example.org)
This article presents key considerations while constructing, scoring and analyzing test items that serve one of the major requirements of teaching both at the school and university levels. In specific, this article provides major issues to be considered in a full cycle of testing, starting from the preparation of test objectives and specification tables to the step of analyzing the effectiveness of each item, the process commonly called item analysis. Two methodological approaches have been used to prepare this guideline – drawing summary steps of testing by reviewing the literature and contextualizing the process and examples for teacher education programs through a teachers’ workshop. The analytical framework for reviewing the testing literature constitutes three components – formal curriculum, classroom testing, and content validity. Considering the testing requirements of learning in a formal educational setting, this article helps faculties and students in all teacher education programs for constructing, administrating and analyzing test items and writing a report in a scientific format.
Keywords: test; specification table; scoring; rubrics; item analysis; difficulty level; discrimination index; power of distractors
Cite this article:
Khanal, P. (2020). Key considerations in test construction, scoring and analysis: A guide to pre-service and in-service teachers. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 9(5), 15-24. https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2020.5027